Why learn and do lesson study

Grade 7 mathematics lesson study team of Sta Lucia High School, Pasig City. SY 2011-2012.

Lesson study is a school-based professional learning activity of teachers that involves collaborative development, implementation, analysis of the lesson (called a research lesson) and reflection as a means to learn and improve their teaching practice. It is about teachers taking charge of their own professional development.

Engaging in lesson study create opportunities for teachers to develop the following professional competencies of proficient and distinguished teacher as described in the Philippine Professional Standards for Teachers.


  • Highly Proficient Teachers consistently display a high level of performance in their teaching practice.

  • They manifest an in-depth and sophisticated understanding of the teaching and learning process.

  • They have high education-focused situation cognition, are more adept in problem solving and optimize
    opportunities gained from experience.

  • They provide support and mentoring to colleagues in their professional development, as well as work
    collaboratively with them to enhance the learning and practice potential of their colleagues.

  • They continually seek to develop their professional knowledge and practice by reflecting on their own needs, and those of their colleagues and students.


  • Distinguished Teachers embody the highest standard for teaching grounded in global best practices.

  • They exhibit exceptional capacity to improve their own teaching practice and that of others.

  • They are recognized as leaders in education, contributors to the profession and initiators of collaborations and partnerships.

  • They create lifelong impact in the lives of colleagues, students and others.

  • They consistently seek professional advancement and relevance in pursuit of teaching quality and excellence.

  • They exhibit commitment to inspire the education community and stakeholders for the improvement of education provision in the Philippines.

Philippine Professional Standards for Teachers (http://www.deped.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/DO_s2017_042-1.pdf)

Participate in the 1st National Convention on Lesson Study to learn more about this exciting school-based professional learning activity of teachers. Lesson study in higher education institution is also gaining ground.

DepEd Naga Capacity Building for Lesson Study Implementation in Mathematics through AusAid Funding

The Schools Division of Naga has recently received funding from the Basic Education Sector Transformation (BEST) for the implementation of lesson study in mathematics. The funding covers capacity building for teachers, actual implementation of lesson study in schools, sharing of best practices, and documentation and evaluation of the program. The first of this series of activity was a capacity building training conducted on 5-7 July 2018 where Dr. Levi Elipane, one of PALS Board of Trustee, was a speaker.

The following contains the details of the seminar workshop.

PALS Conducts Seminar-Workshop on Lesson Study in Pangasinan II

PALS, Inc. in partnership with the Division of Pangasinan II conducted a Seminar-Workshop on Developing Mathematical Thinking and Lesson Study on 19-21 January 2018 which was held at the Mangaldan Municipal Building in Mangaldan, Pangasinan. It was attended by 240 elementary school and high school mathematics teachers.

The speakers were Professor Shizumi Shimizu of Teikyu University, Japan, Dr. Erlina R. Ronda and Guillermo P. Bautista Jr. of the University of the Philippines National Institute for Science and Mathematics Education Development (UP NISMED) and Ms. Maylani Galicia of the Department of Education-Albay.

Professor Shimizu talks about developing mathematical thinking

Prof. Shimizu discussed how to develop mathematical thinking in the classroom. Dr. Ronda, on the other hand, talked about lesson study as a professional learning activity system. In addition, Mr. Bautista presented a framework for classification of mathematical tasks, while Ms. Galicia shared her experiences and challenges in forming communities of practice in Albay through lesson study.

The teacher implements a lesson on parallel lines and transversals in the open class

Two teachers also implemented a lesson in an open class, one about Pythagorean Theorem and the other one about Parallel Lines and Transversals. An open class is an implementation of a lesson by one teacher and observed by other teachers from inside or outside the school. After the open class, a post lesson reflection and discussion was facilitated by Professor Shimizu and Dr. Ronda.

The seminar was concluded by awarding of certificates led by Fr. Onofre Innocencio, Presdent of PALS and Mr. Redentor B. Aquino, Education Program Supervisor of Mangaldan, Pangasinan.

PALS Introduces Lesson Study to Don Bosco Teachers

The Philippine Association of Lesson and Learning Study (PALS) conducted a seminar on The What, Why, and How of Lessons Study on 9 December 2017 at the Don Bosco Technical Institute in Tarlac City. It was the first of PALS’ series of seminars to acquaint teachers about lesson study and how to conduct it in their schools. The speakers were Dr. Masami Isoda of the University of Tsukuba, Japan, Dr. Erlina R. Ronda and Dr. Aida Yap of the University of the Philippines National Institute for Science and Mathematics Education Development (UP NISMED), and Ms. Maylani Galicia of the Department of Education, Division of Albay.

The seminar consists of four lectures and a workshop. Dr. Ronda introduced the lesson study as a form of school-based professional learning activity system. Dr. Isoda presented a research lesson studying students’ facial expressions. He also emphasized on how students use notebooks in Japan. Ms. Galicia on the other hand, shared her experiences in implementing lesson study at a school level when she was a department head and at the division level when she became a supervisor as well as the opportunities and challenges in forming communities of practice in Albay. Dr. Yap presented UP NISMED’s history in conducting lesson study in the Philippines since 2006. She also talked about how PALS was formed.

The workshop focused on formulating lessons study goals. Teachers were grouped by subject and each group was asked to formulate their lesson study goals. The seminar was concluded by awarding of certificates to the speakers and the participants which was led by Fr. Onofre Innocencio, President of PALS.

Rizal High School teacher presents in the 2017 World Association of Lesson Studies Conference

Mr. Ronald Lucasia presented their lesson study research titled Adapting Mathematical Discourse in Instruction Framework for Planning and Analyzing Research Lessons at the World Association of Lesson Studies (WALS) International Conference. The conference, with the theme Bridging Research and Practice through Lesson Study, was held in Nagoya, Japan on 24-27 November 2017. WALS is an international organization of researchers, educators and teachers that aims to promote and advance the research and practices focused on Lesson Studies in order to improve the quality of teaching and learning.

Mr. Ronald Lucasia, Dr. Erlina Ronda and Ms. Revie Santos

Mr. Lucasia’s research was done in collaboration with Mrs. Priscilla Tuazon, Grade 7 mathematics coordinator of Rizal High School, and with Dr. Erlina R Ronda of UP NISMED. Dr. Ronda introduced them to Mathematical Discourse in Instruction (MDI) Framework which is a framework for planning and analyzing the quality of mathematics lesson made available to learn in a lesson. The teachers applied the framework in their lesson study with Grade 7 teachers of their school. In the study, they sought to answer the questions (1) What is the quality of mathematics that we make available to learn in our research lessons?, and (2) Which aspect of the MDI framework is helpful and productive for us? The method involved analyzing previous versions of their research lesson on division of monomials using the framework. They used their findings to guide them in their development of the new version of the lesson. The new version was implemented and the teachers reflected on the result and use of the framework.

Rizal High School was the very first school that UP NISMED introduced to lesson study in 2006 until 2009. Mrs. Revie Santos, the mathematics department head, has been encouraging teachers to continue doing lesson study. Mr. Lucasia and Mrs. Tuazon’s group is one of the lesson study teams of the school. With support from Mrs. Santos, who also mentored Mr. Lucasia in the preparation of the presentation, the latter was able to successfully present their work in Nagoya University during the WALS conference. His presentation attracted many WALS participants.

WALS Opening Program

Mr. Lucasia has this to say about his experience:

An Indelible Experience in Nagoya, Japan

Lesson Study opened for me an avenue of opportunities. One of those was a rare opportunity to be a paper presenter in the WALS 2017 which was held at the Nagoya University in Japan. It was a memorable experience for me, together with my department head, as I got to know a lot of researchers and educators from the 35 countries that participated in the said conference. We got to see the LS showcase by some of the western and eastern countries who were also paper presenters. Also, we learned how they successfully adopted LS. This is my first time to share how we adapted the framework (Mathematics Discourse in Instruction, MDI) when we planned and analyzed our research lesson. I was very happy when some of the researchers in the audience asked questions after my presentation. I take that as a good sign that they are interested in the presentation specifically the MDI framework. The presentation went smoothly. I can even see then the facial reaction and expression of the audience, telling me that they agree to what I was saying most especially about the explanatory talk of the teachers being imitated by the students. That conference was, for me, a learning and an unforgettable experience as we witnessed how the Japanese people showcase their culture.

Apart from Rizal High School, teachers from Sta Lucia High School, also of Pasig City Schools Division also presented their Lesson Study research in Nagoya.